Blood Disorders

Most Common Blood Disorders

By LabBee | 2022  5-minute read 

Every element of your body performs a specific job. When that job isn’t done properly, it can lead to complications. Each cog in the machine needs to operate correspondingly, no matter how small, so you can live your best life at peak efficiency. 

Your blood consists of solids and liquids. Solids refer to red/white blood cells, and platelets, whereas the liquids part is made up of salt, water, and proteins that facilitate clotting. Your blood plays an integral role in your health and it should be evaluated and cared for on a regular basis. In the event you are diagnosed with a blood disorder, or are informed of a family history of blood disorders, there is no immediate call for alarm since most disorders can be treated, maintained, or even cured. Let’s take a look at some of the most common blood disorders and how they affect our bodies. 

Aemia

The most common form of blood disorder is Anemia. It occurs when your body’s red blood cell count is low or the cells themselves are not working properly. Red blood cells are the main transportation system for oxygen to travel from your lungs throughout your body with the help of hemoglobin, an iron-abundant protein. Combative measures can be taken against anemia in the forms of lifestyle changes, medications, or transfusions, if deemed necessary. 

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Iron-Deficiency Anemia

This type of nutritional anemia occurs when hemoglobin is not produced correctly in your bone marrow resulting in a lack of iron attached to your red blood cells. Common causes of iron-deficiency anemia are frequent bleeding, heavy menstrual periods, or simply a lack of iron in your diet. Most frequently used to treat iron-deficiency anemia is iron supplements or, in rarer cases, an IV drip. 

Common symptoms of Iron-Deficiency Anemia are:

Thalassemia

Thalassemia is an inherited anemia disease that affects the way hemoglobin is created in our bone marrow. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that enables our red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout our bodies. When the Thalassemia mutation occurs, fewer hemoglobin is produced which can lead to common symptoms like fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, or feeling cold. The severity in symptoms of Thalassemia depends on the amount of mutations present in the Alpha and Beta protein chains of hemoglobin. 

Sickle Cell Anemia

Unlike a nutritional deficiency, this type of anemia is passed down genetically from both Sickle Cell Disease gene carrying parents. In healthy bone marrow, hemoglobin is produced and attached to healthy red blood cells that are round and flexible. Bone marrow in carriers of the Sickle Cell Disease gene produces improper hemoglobin that attaches to crescent-moon shaped or “sickle” cells that are sticky and have an increased risk of clotting. 

Common symptoms of Sickle Cell Anemia include:

Complications from Sickle Cell Anemia can be severe, but there are way to treat and manage life with Sickle Cell Anemia. Treatments are focused on minimizing bouts of pain crises, relieving symptoms, and preventing further complications from the disease. Medications can include narcotics to alleviate pain, reduce frequency of painful episodes, or in some cases, a blood transfusion may be required. 

Thrombocytopenia

Thrombocytopenia is a blood disorder in which your platelet count is lower than normal due to bone marrow disorders, immunodeficiencies, or side effects from medications. Thrombocytopenia occurs by either the trapping of platelets inside the spleen, reduced bone marrow production of platelets themselves or an increased platelet destruction rate.

Thrombocytopenia symptoms include:

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